Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs.
It can affect other parts of body as well. It is one of the curable diseases with high complication or death rate if untreated or partially treated.
• TB is an infectious disease that can transmitted from person to person.
• Group of bacteria known as, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, causes the disease.
• Clinical symptoms and signs of pulmonary (lung) TB include fever, night sweats, cough, hemoptysis (coughing up blood-stained sputum), weight loss, fatigue, and chest pain.
• Sputum (Cough) examination and Chest X ray can help to diagnose Chest (Lung) TB. There are other laboratory or diagnostic test which might be required. It should be done as per doctor’s advice.
• Treatment and duration of TB infection usually depends which part of body is affected with TB. Majority patients are treated with anti-tuberculous drugs. Some time patient requires surgical intervention for TB.
• Partially treated TB or incomplete treatment of TB leads to drug resistant TB. Single or multi drug resistant TB bacteria are increasing in india and it is becoming major community health hazard.
• Prevention of TB involves both early treatment to reduce transmission and isolation of the infected person until they are no longer contagious.