What is Hemophilia -Overview
Hemophilia is an uncommon disease in which blood doesn't clot normally because it lacks sufficient blood-clotting proteins (clotting factors).
Hemophilia is an genetic disorder. In the most common types of hemophilia, the faulty gene is located on the X chromosome.
Signs and symptoms of hemophilia is variable depending on blood level of clotting factors.
Hemophilia with mildly reduced clotting factors (proteins) are usually asymptomatic. They have prolonged bleeding during or after surgery or major trauma/accident.
In case of moderate to severe deficiency, patient may have:
Unexplained and excessive bleeding from cuts or injuries, or after surgery or dental work
Many large bruises after trivial/ minor injuries
Pain, swelling or tightness in your joints
* Bleeding in internal organs. Bleeding that occurs in deep muscle or stomach or brain can be difficult to control.
* Damage to joints due to recurrent bleeding. Internal bleeding put pressure on joints, causing severe pain. Recurrent and untreated frequent internal bleeding lead to arthritis or destruction of the joint.
* Infection and Adverse reaction to clotting factor treatment- People with hemophilia are at risk of infections due to repeated blood transfusions. In some people with hemophilia, the immune system develops proteins (known as inhibitors) that inactivate the clotting factors, making treatment less effective.
Anyone who has family history of hemophilia should consult a doctor. He/She should undergo genetic testing before you starting a family.