Kidney Disease - An overview

Dr. Manthan Kansara DNB
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What Is Kidney Disease?

Kidney disease can affect your body’s ability to clean your blood, filter extra water out of your blood, and ability to control your blood.

Role of healthy kidneys in body:

    •    Keep a balance of water and minerals (such as sodium, pottasium, and phosphorus) in your blood

    •    Remove waste from your blood after digestion, muscle activity, and exposure to chemicals or medicatoris.

    •    Make certain bio-chemical substance like renin, which your body uses to help manage your blood pressure

    •    Make a chemical hormone called erythropoietin, which prompts your body to make red blood cells which is essential to maintain normal level of Hemoglobin

    •    Make an active form of vitamin D, needed for bone health and other things

What are symptoms of kidney disease?

Kidney disease can develop without any symptoms

Common symptoms are - Swelling in your ankles or leg or face,vomiting,weakness poor sleep, uncontrolled or high blood pressure and shortness of breath. 

Acute Kidney Problems

If your kidneys suddenly stop working, doctors call it acute kidney injury or acute renal failure. The main causes are:

    •    Not enough blood flow to the kidneys

    •    Direct damage to the kidneys themselves

    •    Urine backed up in the kidneys

Those things can happen when you:

    •    Have a traumatic injury with blood loss, such as in a car wreck

    •    Are dehydrated and your muscle tissue breaks down, sending too much protein into your bloodstream

    •    Go into shock because you have a severe infection called sepsis

    •    Have an enlarged prostate that blocks your urine flow

    •    Take certain drugs or are around certain toxins

    •    Have complications during a pregnancy, such as eclampsia and pre-eclampsia

How to avoid Kidney problem(s) –

Take adequate liquids every day

Avoid unnecessary medicines in routine life

Maintain good control of diabetes or blood pressure

Go for regular screening or medical check up